Kinesitherapy means wider approach to movements and methods applied for work with people with different disabilities or problems. It is not simply physical exercises or physiotherapy, but also adjustment of assistive devices. Everything is done for one purpose – for the person to stay healthy, and if the person is with disability, to allow as big independence as possible and for that person to become less dependent on surrounding persons.

This therapeutic method is based on the idea that an appropriate movement of the body helps to renew, to improve and to maintain functional condition of bones, muscles, cardiovascular and other systems.

Principles of kinesitherapy

  • Gradation. The load is increased according to this principle. The number of kinesiatric sessions, amplitude of movements, number of repetitions, intensity, and complexity are increased gradually in the course of treatment.
  • Systematic approach. The procedures of kinesitherapy are performed for a long term, without making longer breaks.
  • Individuality. According to this principle, the nature of pathological process, its cause, adaptive capacities of the organism, the patient’s physical development, age and profession are taken into consideration.
  • Consciousness. The conscious and volitional participation of the patient in the treatment process and cooperation with the kinesitherapist influence efficiency of the procedures.
  • Versatility. The procedure of kinesitherapy affects not only the damaged organ, but also the whole organism, trains neuroflexive and endocrinal mechanisms, and increases adaptative powers of the organism.

 

Kinesitherapy may be applied:

  • after fractures of long, pelvic bones and diseases;
  • after surgeries of joints (arthroplasty, joint replacement surgery), amputations of extremities;
  • in case of arthritis and arthropathy;
  • after neurologically non-complicated vertebral compression fracture;
  • after burns;
  • to reduce painful syndrome (to reduce pain);
  • to train function of damaged extremities (strengthening of muscular force, reduction of increased muscular tone, improvement of movement amplitude);
  • to train spinal static-dynamic functions;
  • to train balance, coordination and pace;
  • to train mobility functions;
  • to increase tolerance to physical load;
  • to improve psychoemotional condition;
  • to increase independence, daily self-service;
  • to improve posture;
  • to strengthen muscles.

 

The patient’s education forms a big part of kinesitherapy – the patients are taught to move correctly, what habits and attitudes may serve as major pain agents, and how to change them.